Understanding and implementing companion planting is a wonderful way to garden using permaculture practices, gardening in harmony with nature. In the list of companion plants below, one can safely assume that where you can plant cabbages with beets, peas or borage, you can also plant your broccoli or kale. Let’s say you have a small garden. Tomatoes repel the imported cabbageworm, but cabbage still doesn’t like getting close to tomatoes. Rosetta, Extension Nursery Integrated Pest Management, Department of Horticulture, Oregon State University/NWREC. Plant marigolds in the spring throughout the garden. Email This BlogThis! They will attack plants growing outdoors as well as in the greenhouse. Cabbage and its siblings are all descended from a wild mustard plant. So, grab a notebook, write down what seeds you have to plant in your garden, and try to work out a plan. Whitefly control is difficult and complex, as whiteflies rapidly develop resistance to chemical pesticides.The USDA recommends "an integrated program that focuses on prevention and relies on cultural and biological control methods when possible". Dill also happens to be another attraction for beneficial insects. Mints improves the health of your cabbages as well as its flavor. In fact, bittercress produces a substance that is toxic to diamondback caterpillars. No garden should be without dill. It is also true that many garden vegetables do get along great. However, I would never choose just one companion herb for our cabbages, especially when there are so many delicious and nutritious herbs to choose from. Companion planting benefits cabbage several ways. Pests: Aphids, Bean Beetles (Mexican), Cabbage Loopers, Corn Earworms, European Corn Borers, Japanese Beetles. You can crystalize the borage flowers as a bonus! Companion plants have other traits that make them good company for cabbage. Just as people have difficulties getting along, so do certain plants. They are frequent found on brassicas but not necessarily a serious problem that requires control. Cabbage whitefly are small white-winged insects that can be found on the undersides of brassica leaves. Download our Companion Planting info sheet here. Here are a few plants that prefer to be further away from your cabbages, to keep peace in the garden. So a row of onions planted near strawberries helps to prevent the strawberries from developing mould. To find out more about companion planting celery click here. Yes, there are templates for that too! Yarrow not only repels insect pests but also adds nutrients to the soil where it grows and gives a boost to the plants growing near it. Plant each cabbage 1 to 2 feet apart in full sun, leaving room for a full-sized head of cabbage to grow. They can also act as sacrificial plants, luring pests away from a precious crop. Giving you more power over hand picking and destroying the larvae, however you see fit as a means of insect control. Allowing too much growth provides a sheltered habitat where flea beetles and moths could hide for the winter. Only it is harder to hear their arguments. Let the plants keep some secrets to themselves. Cabbages are one of those vegetables that prefer partial shade. What is companion planting? In addition to the companion planting chart, the toolkit includes a garden journal, plot plan template, planting calendars, and more. This herb wards off the dreaded cabbage moth, along with whitefly and carrot fly. An unlikely addition, though a beautiful one, that you may still wish to add to your garden border. Take your time in planning your garden, but don’t get too stressed with the details. Of course, there may be hidden exceptions within the cabbage family. Several rows of kale and carrots should do the trick. Keep your shrubs well-trimmed, though. The soil should have a pH of 6.5 or less. Discover 10 companion plants to grow, recommended by herb expert Jekka McVicar. Why can’t I plant anise or dill by carrots? Yarrow attracts loads of beneficial insects and can be found buzzing under the fullest sun of the day. While marigolds are particularly beneficial to cabbage, they repel nematodes and beetles and may even repel deer. Cheryl Magyar is a sustainable life designer and environmental freelance writer with more than twenty years experience of living a simple life close to nature. The plants in and around your garden can help attract beneficial insects as well as acting as lures or repellants for harmful ones. They will repel cabbage worms for all members of the cabbage family. Companion planting is essentially a method of growing two or more different plants together for the reputed beneficial effect they have on the crop you wish to nurture. If I had to choose one, it would be nasturtiums planted next to cabbages, broccoli and Brussels sprouts, for they flower for a good portion of the summer. The flowers even entice parasitic wasps who, in turn, lay their eggs in cabbage butterfly caterpillars. These barriers can also protect crops from cabbage aphids, whitefly, and flea beetles. Cabbages love to be surrounded by aromatic plants, with the single exception of rue. Plants That Help Cabbage Grow and Be Healthy, Attracting Beneficial Insects With Companion Planting, Beneficial Companion Plants for Blueberries, Growing Swiss Chard with Companion Plants, Rosemary, sage, thyme, peppermint, spearmint, hyssop, catnip, celery, marigolds, and southernwood or wormwood repel the, Tansy repels the imported cabbageworm and, Rosemary also repels the cabbage fly, parent of the. Plant thyme in the corners of the vegie garden or use carpeting thyme along paths to attract bees to cross-pollinate. If you are going to companion plant anything with strawberries, make it borage. Some gardeners may even proclaim that hyssop repels slugs that feed on lettuce and cabbage. If you wish to plant both garlic and beans, you want to make sure they are at opposite ends of the garden. They can also help each other by giving support, or by adding nutrients to the soil. Follow on Instagram and sign up for their newsletter for more inspirations on living a sustainable life. On the other hand, while flea beetles attack several crops, nematodes and some subterranean beetles prey upon cabbage maggots, so take that into consideration when deciding where to plant your marigolds. Brassicas, such as cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, kale, kohlrabi, bok choy, collard greens and Brussels sprouts are all vegetables in the cruciferous family. It will also help beans, corn, cucumbers and squash. He also finds that all beans grow well near carrots, cucumber, cabbage, lettuce, peas, parsley and cauliflowers, but less well near onions, ... My greenhouse is already full of whitefly so I’ve just sown a packet of marigolds (tagetes). The nice thing about peas, is that once you get you linear thinking into curved lines, then you can move onto more abstract forms of gardening. Thyme, Thymus vulgaris makes a good companion plant for roses, as its strong scent deters blackfly. If you get carried away each year with planting tomatoes in your garden, know that you are not alone. Keep the onions away from peas and beans too. Beets contribute essential minerals to the soil that can be taken up by cabbages slowly throughout the growing season. Cabbage, however, does not like garlic, nor does it enjoy the company of lettuce. When celery is planted nearby members of the cabbage family, it can help to repel damaging insects, making it far easier for you to practice organic farming. That is, when planted on the side that receives the hottest late afternoon sunny glare. This plant attracts the butterflies to lay their eggs. Space the plants 6 to 24 inches apart along border areas and among vegetables and flowers. Cabbage whitefly - Aleyrodes proletella. Currently she is homesteading in northern Romania, amidst charming haystacks, with her husband and homeschooled daughter. The beet leaves, although perhaps best eaten, also make a wonderful addition to the compost pile. This makes marigolds particularly useful when planted with tomatoes. A tea made from soaking thyme leaves and sprayed on cabbages can prevent whitefly. 4. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. So, keep them separated so that all three get enough of what they need to be healthy and grow. What is clear about companion planting, however, is that it is okay to not understand every plant relationship, or try to guess what may be going on between them. The area should be well-drained at the surface but have nutrient-rich, loamy or sandy soil that retains moisture below the surface. To make matters more complex, once you start companion planting, it is advisable to dive straight into crop rotation as well. It all started at a young age with a love for the outdoors, followed by a keen interest in goats, which turned into a love for raising ducks and mangalica pigs on the Plains of Hungary. She is an avid organic gardener who can often be found eating nourishing “weeds” and making herbal infusions, just as she can be seen planting native trees to help others around the world to lower their carbon footprints. Garlic, dill, celery, beets, onions, mints, and southernwood or wormwood enhance the taste of cabbage. Some companion planting advice you just have to experiment with and see the results for yourself. The leaves should be cut away in layers, leaving the rest of the plant to continue to mature. Cabbages companion plants include: Beets; Bush beans; Catnip; Celery; Chamomile; Chard; Cucumbers; Dill; Garlic; Hyssop; Kale; Lettuce; Marigolds; Onions; Oregano; Peppermint; Potatoes; Rosemary; Sage; Southernwood or wormwood; Spearmint; Spinach; Tansy; Thyme; Plants That Control Cabbage Pests. Nasturtiums attract aphids, flea beetles, and caterpillars. All members of the cabbage family can be detrimental to the health of your lush strawberries. Companion planting can help to increase yields and quality of your crop by: Embrace these symbiotic relationships, and get planting, or planning. It deters insects and improves the perfume of roses. It is common knowledge that lettuce appreciates being planted with chives and garlic. With so much going on, companion planting starts to feel like a lot of work sometimes. It grows well near companion plants and less well near combatant plants. Just because one article says it is so, it may not be another person’s experience. Yet, as an “insect repellent”, hyssop is repelling cabbage butterflies and cabbage moth larvae. We harvested leeks, young kale leaves and some sprout tops. So what does your cabbage prefer to be next to? This companion relationship may be a more neutral one, but the garden needs several of those filler options too. A few of these around the garden look just like Cabbage White Butterflies, and will scare us off! With a larger garden (and a bigger patch of garlic) you may just want to be sure that the garlic and beans are planted several feet away, with something they both like in between. It has also been noted that planting red varieties of cabbage, instead of the more common green cabbage, makes it easier to spot the worms. All members of the cabbage family, including kale, broccoli, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts do well when combined with beets. Marigolds repel aphids in addition to repelling the imported cabbage white moth. Rosemary also repels carrot flies, increasing the vigor and vitality of your carrots, making them more than suitable for fermenting, with rosemary of course! This results in less stress and higher disease resistance for your cabbages. Articles and experts alike tend to agree that they shouldn’t be planted together, though “why” remains unclear. Marigolds (Calendula) planted around the base of cabbage plants is an effective companion planting trick. If you aren’t planning to grow beans this season, take the liberty to choose some vegetable, grain or herb you like even better. This sun-loving plant repels cabbage loopers from all cruciferous vegetables, by smell alone. Some of cabbage’s companion plants improve its flavor. Cabbage whitefly, Aleyrodes proletella, is a common pest in southern England even in the colder winter months. 4. Cabbage, corn and beans can all be planted together, in combination with potatoes to benefit their growth and improve their flavor. This isn’t such a problem if you don’t plan to eat the leaves, but you totally should eat them, because you can – they’re tasty and nutritious. Strange, but true, one of my favorite herbal teas is yarrow (Achillea millefolium). Companion planting is all about creating plant communities which have mutual benefits to each other. Companion plants can help to control pests by confusing them or by attracting predators. Forming a symbiotic relationship, the cabbage plays its part by creating a natural windbreak for the young, and often fragile celery. And you’ll quickly find out that planning a garden based on companion planting guidelines, is a lot like deciding on that critical wedding dinner seating chart. Strongly scented rosemary certainly has its benefits, and not just in your cooking. What about planting dill and cabbages next to each other? Companion planting is mainly carried out in the vegetable garden to control pests, to attract pollinating insects and to improve the growth of plants. Planting shrubs and short trees where they can rest will attract more of them to your garden. Whichever is next on your to-do list. Grow garlic randomly around the garden (except near strawberries, peas, beans & cabbages). Outside of actually talking to your cabbages to find out, you can try growing members of the cabbage family next to these experienced veggies instead. Basil and marigolds act as a natural insect repellent when planted amongst tomatoes, helping to ward off whitefly. In some cases, root secretions from members of the cabbage family can prevent lettuce seeds from germinating. Posted by Plot205 at 19:56. I highly encourage you to perform your own experiments. COMMON COMPANION PLANTS: Flowers. Companion planting is the grouping of plants together in a combination that is beneficial to themselves or other plants around them. Similarly, a row of nasturtiums planted amongst beans attracts aphids away from your crop. Going back just a moment to crop rotation. There is a 3’ path in between the whitefly free border and the next one. You may find that what doesn’t work for others, may just work for you. There are certain plants that prefer not to be grown after each other, and some that prefer not to grow in the same place each year. Think of it as a self-seeding annual. We’ve also had success here with Nicotiana tabacum, the true smokers’ tobacco, which protects brassicas from cabbage white butterflies. Because they are all related, though, they all attract the same pests. If you’ve ever drunk a mug of it before, you may be questioning my {bitter} choice in teas, nevertheless, yarrow is a terrific perennial to keep in your garden. Gallery. Marigolds as a companion plant are supposed to repel them so might try that this year. Only the diamondback moth and its caterpillar were included in the research. BEETS: Bush Beans, Cabbage, Carrots, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Onions, Sage: Mustard, Pole beans: These plants grow at different levels in the soil, so they do not compete for nutrients and maximize planting space; Mustard inhibits growth. Nasturtium attracts caterpillars, aphids and whitefly, so planting it alongside or around vegetables such as lettuces, cabbages, beans and tomatoes will protect them. Sage has a strong scent and makes an outstanding companion to the cabbage family, carrots, and tomatoes. You can use a knife to cut the leaves away or pull them off using a twisting motion. Outside of that, potatoes have more likes and dislikes. Besides repelling certain cabbage-loving insects, coriander also grows well with mint, basil, tansy and yarrow. Proper pruning lets air flow through the branches, which is healthy for the shrubs but decidedly not healthy for the insects attempting to overwinter there. Similarly, a row of nasturtiums planted amongst beans attracts aphids away from your crop. When celery is planted nearby members of the cabbage family, it can help to repel damaging insects, making it far easier for you to practice organic farming. The aromatic nature of celery is one that not all insects admire, especially when it comes to the white cabbage butterfly. Rhubarb deters the cabbage whitefly (Aleyrodes brassier), which attaches itself to the broccoli leaves and breeds a bunch of babies, rendering the leaves inedible. Chamomile adds potassium, calcium, and sulfur to the soil, which also improves the flavor of cabbage. Technically a grain, not a vegetable, and not even remotely gluten-ous like wheat, buckwheat is related to rhubarb and sorrel. I guess that is why we love it so much! Bittercress, a relative of mustard and cabbage which is also known as rocketcress or winter cress, has been shown by research to lure the diamondback moth and the imported cabbage white moth away from crops like cabbage. Mustard is also related to cabbage. Before getting started, it is good to refresh your memory, from time to time, as you get to know which plants belong to which family. Mulch the soil heavily, and give cabbage 2 inches of water each week. Pole beans, for instance, when they are planted nearby members of the cabbage family, can provide shade from the heat of the sun. Meaning that you can plop and plant your pea seeds anywhere you like in the garden. Companion Planting. And don’t use chemical sprays that will also kill these good insects. Dill attracts ladybird beetles, parasitoid wasps, hoverflies, bees, and garden spiders, making it one of the most useful companion planting candidates. You may want to create an herb spiral or a mandala garden to incorporate as many companion planting herbs as possible in (or close to) your garden for the best possible harvests. So, if you wish to harvest loads of kale from your garden, be sure to have a rosemary bush nearby. So a row of onions planted near strawberries helps to prevent the strawberries from developing mold. Some plants repel pests that infest cabbage, and others lure them away. Chamomile is one of those plants that thrives in partial shade. When they begin to feed on bittercress, they die. It grows well in Zones 3-7. Brassicas are said to impair the growth of strawberry plants, so if you want a mouthwatering harvest, plant them elsewhere! Experience indicates that members of the cabbage family inhibit tomato growth. There are also plants that act as barriers, making it difficult for pests to reach the plants they infest and plants that attract insects that pollinate your garden or insects that prey on garden pests. It can be an organic way to protect your crops from pests or it could help improve pollination of fruit and vegetable crops. In addition, fireflies attack cutworms, but fireflies need a place to rest during the day. To deter insects of the cabbage family, all you need to do, is plant your favorites from the aromatic herbs/flowers included in this list. Rather than tansy being beneficial for your cabbages, it is thought that cabbage is beneficial for your tansy. How close together companion plants should be is a question that is not easily answered. Interesting insects and other invertebrates. Another underused herb in the garden, that does remarkably well even in times of drought, is hyssop. Prevention, rather than spraying, is the best remedy any day. Parsnips and Leeks. In this article we are taking a closer look at companion planting with members of the cabbage family, which are classified as brassicas. Marigolds make a suitable all-around companion plant in the garden. Naturally, there is always a handful of competitors or unfriendly neighbors in the garden. For example, dill, parsley, carrots, and parsnips attract spiders, ladybeetles or ladybugs, and praying mantises that prey on insect pests for many plants. Landcare Research . ... Pests like, whitefly and cabbage whites. Find news, promotions, and other information pertaining to our diverse lineup of innovative brands as well as newsworthy headlines about our company and culture. Avoid planting near carrots and tomatoes. All three absorb such a substantial amount of the same nutrients from the soil that the soil might not be able to provide enough if these crops are planted together. Again, when thinking about wholesome cabbages versus those with holey leaves, pesky cabbage worms come to mind, but hopefully not to your garden. Onions, beets, and celery are also helpful companion plants for cabbage. Attract these beneficial insects to your garden by planting companion plants like marigolds and alyssum near your precious vegie crops. Companion planting can help repel unwanted insects or attract beneficial insects, nourish the soil, help control diseases. Just as dill needs to be in your garden, so too, should be a handful of marigolds. Go ahead and plant them between your cabbages instead. Cabbage’s Companions. Cilantro is the stems and the leaves, and coriander is the seeds of the same plant – just to clear any confusion from the start. One beneficial plant that may be missing from your garden is chamomile. This is a different species to glasshouse whitefly . Now, that we have just mentioned keeping peas out of the onion patch, here they arrive on the list of cabbage companion plants. Several plants either repel cabbage’s pests or lure them away. The adults will lay the eggs on the nasturtium leaves instead. Does the cabbage family really dislike strawberries? Plant smelly herbs to confuse me such as sage, dill and coriander. Keep in mind that broccoli, kale, cabbage, kohlrabi and other Brassicas are to steer clear of tomatoes, as the relationship is not beneficial, particularly for the tomatoes. In particular, it works side-by-side your cabbages to repel both cabbage worms, and tomato worms, as it attracts beneficial insects. At the end of the growing season, yarrow can continue its work by contributing to your compost. More than that, however, buckwheat deserves a special place in your garden as an insect and bee attraction. Bittercress may or may not be toxic to imported cabbageworms. Another plant that works successfully to deter cabbage worms is thyme. Dill, chamomile, garlic, and southernwood or wormwood not only improve the flavor of cabbage but also its growth. Cabbage Looper Caterpillar. Borage is a stupendous plant to have in the garden. Cabbage’s combatant plants are: You would think that broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage are such closely related siblings that they would grow well together, but they are like selfish, jealous siblings. As you choose to move away from monoculture, and into sustainable polycultures, you will naturally find that certain plants work better together, and others are more beneficial when they are further apart. Greenhouse whitefly are tiny but can seriously weaken plants Greenhouse Whitefly Organic Controls These beneficial insects will all devour whitefly nymph and adult whitefly. Since companion plants are really just guides, the distance depends on the size of your garden. Besides adding a touch of vibrant color to the garden, marigolds (Tagetes erecta and Tagetes patula), African and French marigolds respectively, are great at suppressing nematodes that attack the roots of plants. However, we are drawing the line at brassicas (omitting cresses and radishes), not to further confuse companion planting guidelines. Learn as you grow, and be flexible. In relation to planting chamomile near cabbages, it is said to repel cabbage moths. We’ll take their word for it. Bees and butterflies are both attracted to hyssop flowers. Onions naturally repel many pests that attack cabbages. The mustard will lure pests away from your cabbage. Celery. Small clouds of Cabbage Whitefly were seen as we hoed around the brassicas. If you are just getting started with companion planting, you’ll likely have more than a few questions. Mulch the area to retain moisture, and regularly water the cabbage patch with 2 inches per week. On the bright side, it introduces you to some new, interesting and useful plants. A word of caution – onions should never be planted too close to other “onions”, such as leeks, shallots or garlic due to onion maggots that travel quickly from plant to plant. The cabbage looper caterpillar is a light yellow-green with four white stripes running down the length of its body, and it is so named because, like an inchworm, it has legs on its front and rear ends, but none in the middle. There is an advantage to growing mustard in one area and cabbage in another area, however. Plant it once, let it drop its seeds, and you will continue to find new dill plants as the seasons move on. Dill – Dill improves the health of cabbages and other Brassicas, and is a very good companion for corn, cucumbers, lettuce, and onions. This post may contain affiliate links. As such, dill helps to repel cabbage moths, worms and loopers, anything with an appetite to devour many a brassica. In fact, aphids likely will prefer nasturtiums to anything else growing in your garden. Consider adding a border of marigolds around the crops you wish to protect most. The aromatic nature of celery is one that not all insects admire, especially when it comes to the white cabbage butterfly. In general, they have the same preferences when it comes to soil, watering, temperature, and light. Tiny mauve thyme flowers 9 A companion planting suggestion as garlic and brassicas are great friends. Cabbage likes areas with full sun but cool temperatures. Trust in the work and gardening experience of others, and find answers to your companion planting questions along the way. We all desire that bountiful harvest with bucketful after bucketful of tomatoey goodness. Herbs make super companion plants, almost always. Copyright © 2021 Rural Sprout on the Seasoned Pro Theme, saving space in the garden – as you utilize crop rotation and trellising options to grow more efficiently in less space, distracting pests – many aromatic herbs will aid in distracting unwanted insects, others may prevent or slow the spread of disease, providing support – let your beans/cucumbers climb on corn or sunflowers. Harvesting Kale is ready to harvest when the leaves are the size of a hand. So, like an inchworm, when it crawls, the mid-section of its body arches up into a loop. Marigolds are an attractive garden edging, and they’re most effective in repelling pests, such as aphids and cabbage moths, that love to feed on tender, young cabbage. Plant land cress Barbarea vulgaris somewhere else in the garden. So garlic and onions deter cabbage whitefly too. By companion planting with leeks these pests will be confused by the strong aroma from the leeks and find other gardeners plants to damage. Original publication <11 July 2016> Last revision <15 July 2016> Author: R.L. If you are in search of a gap filler, try planting a little tansy to attract as many beneficial insects as possible. Companion Planting Guide. Finally we are left with rue – and whether or not it should be planted next to cabbages. If you have been wondering where to plant your beans, the answer is with beets, broccoli, cabbage, lettuce and other cool-season crops. Mints repel the ants that normally would defend the aphids from the ladybugs or lady beetles that you might release to attack the aphids. The main whitefly attack was right on the other side … Buckwheat attracts several beneficial insects, including parasitic wasps that have the potential to kill cabbage worms. LUXCO NEWS. Leave the lettuce to be planted with turnips, parsnips and radishes instead. 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